EPISTLES OF THE NEW TESTAMENT
Gospel VS Law
2:16 A man is not justified by observing the Law of Moses
2:21 Righteousness cannot be gained through the law
3:10 Cursed is everyone who does not do everything in the law
3:23 Those who observe the law are prisoners to sin, for they cannot keep it perfectly
4:9 The law is full of "weak and miserable principles" that enslave us
5:3 He who keeps part of the law is obligated to keep all of it
5:10 Advocating any part of the law throws people into confusion
6:12 Those trying to get us to obey the law are trying to make a good impression outwardly
6:13 They don't even keep all the law themselves
Galatia was a large province with many barbaric people to the north on the Black Sea and cultured people to the south almost touching the Mediterranean Sea. Its eastern border was near Mt. Ararat where Noah's ark rested (Gen. 8:4). In the more populated areas were "counties" called Lycaonia and Pissidia.
In the most ancient times, the Hittites lived here and south into Palestine. But the Celts who came down from Germany and Switzerland, split off at Italy, most invading France (called Gaul) and Spain, but with the rest going into what would later be called Galatia to help a local king with his civil war. After the war, they continued to raid and pillage other areas. They remained in tribes for centuries until becaming a Roman territory in 85 BC, and a province in 25 BC. The Celtic Gauls formed the military aristocricy, while the original descendants of the Hittites were the farmers. They were not particularly religious, but when they were, they accepted the religion of whoever wanted to propagate theirs.
Paul established three congregations here that we know of, all in the more civilized western part. (1) Antioch of Pisidia (not Antioch of Syria, his home congregation) was on a trade route between the orient and coastal cities across from Greece on the Aegean Sea. Acts 13:14, 50-51 says Paul preached first in their Jewish synagogue by their invitation on two consecutive Sabbaths. On the second Sabbath even the Gentiles showed up to hear him. This made the jealous Jews talk against Paul; so Paul announced he would preach to the Gentiles. The Jews in turn slandered him to the city leaders who expelled him. When he left, the Jews from Antioch followed him around, continuing to slander (Acts 14:1-7).
(2) Down the road in Iconium, another trade-route city, Paul preached again at the synagogue. The jealous Jews "poisoned [the Gentiles'] minds." Eventually the city was divided between those siding with the Jews or Christ. The city leaders were convinced to stone him, but he fled. The Jews followed him around, continuing to slander (Acts 14:8-20).
(3) A temple to Zeus was down the road in Lystra. Top Roman soldiers of the area settled their families. But when Paul went there and healed a man who had never walked, it was the commoners (locals of Gaul extract - see Acts 14:11) who declared Paul was Hermes and Barnabas was Zeus. Timothy, a Jew, lived here and doubtless witnessed all this (Acts 16:1). When they convinced their would-be worshippers they were only humans, the crowd - egged on by the Jews from Antioch and Iconium - turned on them and stoned them, leaving them for dead. (4) Paul recovered and rested in Derbe. Derbe had a great ampitheatre, and was also a customs city for produce brought into Roman territories from the Orient and Middle East.
After Paul's recovery, he returned to those same cities telling them "We must go through many hardships to enter the kingdom of God." Paul also appointed elders at this time in each congregation (Acts 14:21-23)
Because of the way the Jews pressured the Gentiles to be circumcised, Paul went to Jerusalem to request a counsel with the apostles and elders (Acts 15:2). The Apostles sent one copy of their letter to the provinces of Syria and Cilicia basically saying Christians didn't have to keep anything in the Law of Moses, but it was rather general. Apparently Paul wrote the Galatians at this time more specifically, preparing them for his return visit.
Paul and Silas returned to Derbe, and then Lystra, taking another copy of the Apostles' letter with them. At Lystra they met Timothy, a half-Jew and half-Greek, who he may have converted at this time. They circumcised him only because of his Jewish background, then took him with them to travel among Timothy's own people. They, too, had a copy of the apostles' letter and read it to the congregations as they traveled.
1:7 What terrible thing were some of the Christians in this province trying to do to the gospel?
1:8 What will happen to people who preach "another gospel" eternally? ______________________________________
1:9 How many times does he say this? ____________________
1:10 What causes people to preach "another gospel"? _____________________________________
Since Paul is still relatively unknown in the church, he introduces himself and defends his apostleship by which he receives his authority to tell them what to do.
1:14-16a Though Paul was a Jew, God chose him specifically to preach to what group of people? ___________________
1:16-18 After Paul's conversion, he did not consult any _______________, but went immediately to ____________________ where he stayed __________________ years and was apparently taught directly by Jesus.
1:19 Only after that did he go to Jerusalem to meet the apostles. Which apostles were in Jerusalem at that time? ____________________________ ________________________________________________________
2:1-3 Fourteen years after his conversion, Paul returned to Jerusalem. At this time, the leaders of the church did not compel his associate, Titus a Gentile Grecian, to be _______________________.
2:4-6 False brothers only seemed to be __________________________, but God knew better.
2:7-9 God called Peter to be an apostle to the ____________________, while Paul was to be an apostle to the ________________________. At this time, which apostles were left in Jerusalem? ___________________________
2:11-13 When Peter visited Antioch up by the border of Turkey, at first he ate with the _____________________________, but later he separated himself from the __________________________ because he was afraid of those who belonged to the _______________________________ ________________________________________________________ __________________________ (Jewish Christians).
NOTE: Circumcision was a rite included in the Law of ___________________________ (Leviticus 12:1-3). Good Jews did not go into the homes of Gentiles or even eat with them (Acts 10:28; 11:2-3).
2:14 Paul criticized Peter for this in front of ________________________________________.
2:16 We are not made just before God by observing the ________________________ of Moses.
2:17 By being made just by Christ, we admit that we ourselves are ____________________ and cannot save ourselves.
2:18 By going back to observing the Law of Moses which we humans cannot keep perfectly, it just proves all over again that we are ____________________________.
2:20 Since we cannot save ourselves, we die with Christ, and we are resurrected in Christ. How do we die with Christ (Romans 6:3)? _____________________ How do we get into Christ (Galatians 3:26)? _____________________
2:21 If we could be just by keeping the Law of Moses, Christ died for ________________________________.
3:1 People who try to go back and pick up observances from the Law of Moses have been ______________________.
3:5 When does God give us his Spirit (Acts 2:38)? _____________________________________
3:8 God said to Abraham before the Law of Moses that _____________ __________________________ would be blessed through him, not just Jews.
3:10 A person who does not do _________________________________ written in the Book of the Law (Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy) is what? ________________________________
3:11-13 No one can be just before God under the law because no one can keep it perfectly. But Christ relieved us of the law by becoming a ______________________ for us and being hung on a __________________ (crucified).
3:16 The seeds of Abraham were all his descendants. But the seed of Abraham was the one person, ________________.
3:21 The Law of Moses served to prove that we cannot be perfect.
3:22-23 The whole world is a prisoner of ____________________ and held prisoners by the ________________.
2:25 Now that Jesus has come, we are __________ longer under the supervision of the ____________________.
2:26-27 How do we become sons of God through faith in Christ? ______________________________________________
4:1-3 God considered mankind as little ญ_ญญญญญญญญญญญญญญญญญญญญญญญญญญญญญญญญ_________________________________ in our childish and barbaric way of acting during the days of the Law of Moses.
4:6 How does God send the Spirit of his Son into our hearts to testify that God is our Father (John 14:17-18)? God will send the _______________ of Truth, for Jesus said, "I will ___________________ to you." And what is this Truth (John 17:17)? ________________________________
4:9 Paul said keeping the old Law of Moses was turning back to ________________________ and ________________ _____________________________ principles.
4:17 People who try to get us to return to the Law of Moses just want us to be ___________________________ for them.
4:25 Abraham had two sons - the first (Ishmael) by a slave woman (Hagar), the second (Isaac) by his wife (Sarah) through a miracle. Hagar symbolically represents the present city of _____________________________, the center of Jewish worship.
4:30 But it was Isaac, the son of his wife by miracle (she was 90 years old), who received the inheritance.
5:1 Those who follow any part of the Law of Moses are burdened by a yoke of ___________________________.
5:2 These people weren't being pressured to keep all of the Law of Moses, but just being ________________________. Also 4:10 said they had started observing Jewish special ________________, etc.
5:3 But if we obey just one thing in the Law of Moses, we are obligated to obey the ______________________ law. (That means animal sacrifices, paying for vows to God, reporting in to priests whenever we are sick, etc. Read Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy.)
5:6 No part of the Law of Moses we keep has any _________________________.
5:10 People inserting Law of Moses rules into Christian worship are throwing people into ________________________ and God will make sure they pay the ______________________________ for it.
5:11 Paul was being persecuted by those who wanted to keep parts of the Law of Moses.
5:19-21 The sinful life is summarized with a list of sins. Which one do you have the most trouble with? ______________
5:22-23 The spirit-filled life is summarized with a list of fruits. Which one do you have the most trouble doing? _______
6:1 Do "brothers" who have been caught up in sin need to be restored? ________________
6:4 What is one way we can test our actions? ___________________________________________________________
6:11 Paul has apparently dictated this letter. Now he adds a post script "with my own hand."
6:12 People who want to make a good impression outwardly with their religion try to compel us to keep parts of the Law of Moses. When we refuse, how do they treat us? ___________________________________________________
6:13 Still the reminder that even those who bring in part of the Law of Moses refuse to keep all of it.
6:17 Paul closes by warning them not to hassle him about this. He's got the scars to prove he's not going to change. Remember, in Acts 14:1-5 he was nearly stoned in Iconium, and in Acts 14:6-19 he was stoned and left for dead, not by the pagans, but by people who considered themselves defending God.