EPISTLES OF THE NEW TESTAMENT
1:1 Paul, a servant...and apostle
1:4 God the Father
1:4 Christ Jesus our Savior
1:7 an overseer
Crete is an island equally distant from the coasts of today's Lebanon and Turkey in the Mediterranean Sea. It is 156 miles long, and only 7-30 miles wide. It is quite mountainous, rising to 8,193 feet at Mt. Ida, the mythological birthplace of Zeus. Crete was also noted for its fresco painting in cement, embossed metalwork and stone statues. It had no temples. The Cretans spent a great deal of time attacking each other, possibly because they were of so many varying nationalities. Cretan men often hired out as mercenary soldiers, sailors, and archers.
Paul went to Crete only by accident. Paul and Aristarchus of Thessalonica were headed as prisoner to Rome (Acts 27:2; Col. 4:10; Philem. 24) aboard a prison ship, accompanied by Luke ("we" in Acts 27:2) and Titus, possibly others. They transferred to an Egyptian ship sailing for Italy. The November winds were against them (Acts 27:1-5). They veered off course and ended up at Crete. They finally stopped at the harbour of Fair Havens.
Apparently Paul did some preaching the few hours they were there. Although the Acts account does not tell about it, Paul said in his letter to Titus, "The reason I left you in Crete was that you might straighten out what was left unfinished and appoint elders in every town as I directed you."
Paul apparently warned Titus not to try to go with them to the other harbour because of the ship wreck he knew would come. The ship never made it to the nearby harbor, but rather was blown out to open sea by a hurricane (Acts 27:9-16) where it wandered the Mediterranean for two weeks (Acts 27:27), ending in a shipwreck (Acts 27:41). How Titus must have prayed. Paul spent two years in prison (Acts 28:30).
Titus was never mentioned in Acts, and yet he worked closely with Paul. He was a Gentile (Gal. 2:1,3) converted by Paul (Titus 1:4), possibly somewhere in Galatia, and went with him to Jerusalem to settle whether or not Gentiles had to be circumcised (Gal. 2:1-3). He then went with Paul to Ephesus, and was later sent to Corinth with Paul's letter to them about their worldly childishness (2 Cor. 7:6-9; 8:6; 12:18). After visiting Corinth, Titus went to Macedonia to rejoin Paul who had been eagerly looking for him at Troas to find out how the church at Corinth had received his first letter (2 Cor. 2:12-13 and Acts 20:6-7). Then Paul sent Titus back to Corinth with his second letter and to collect their donation for the poor Christians in Judea (2 Cor. 8:6,16-18).
It seems the worldliness at Corinth that Titus was able to get under control was present in Crete also. So Paul told Titus to get that under control too. Paul said the Jewish Cretans were rebellious, mere talkers, and deceivers (Titus 1:10). "Their own poet" said "Cretans are always liars, evil brutes, lazy gluttons" (Titus 1:12). Indeed Epimenides, had called his people "wild beasts," Livy attacked their avarice, Polybius their ferocity, fraud and habitual lying.
Paul's letter to Titus was written probably as soon as Paul was released from prison and had gone to Colossae to regroup (Philemon 22). He called himself "an old man" in his letter to Philemon (v. 9), and he'd just escaped death, but knew he would die one way or the other in the foreseeable future. He also knew he had to hand more and more responsibility over to those he'd trained. He planned to send Artemas or Tychicus to Crete with his letter. Paul asked that Titus now leave and meet him at Nicopolis, straight north from Crete near Philippi, Macedonia and today's Bulgaria (Titus 1:12,13).
1:3 God's "appointed season" to bring the gospel is an interesting study. Mankind had to prove to itself no law anywhere could make us perfect. When we could finally admit that, we were ready for Jesus. Even then, it is still hard to admit.
1:4 Notice, although Paul identified himself by his title in verse 1, he did not have a title for Titus. He is just called my true ________________________. Yet church historians dare to add to this and call him the bishop of Crete.
1:5 Titus was to appoint what in every town? ___________________________ What about a separate head bishop? ________
1:6 Must an elder have a husband or have a wife? _________________________ His children must be about how old? _________________________ His children also must not be ______________________________ and _________________________________________
1:7 The word elder is interchangeable with what other title? _____________________________
Your footnote says this title is also translated what? _______________________________
He must not be:
1:8 Should he be aloof from the congregation? _____________________________
1:9 An elder/overseer must know the gospel well enough he can encourage others and ________________________________________ those who _________________________________ it.
1:10 Within the congregation, the elders must be able to silence and/or change what kind of people?
1:11 What motives do such rebellious teachers have? _________________________________________
1:14 Some will even try to command Christians to reject the ______________________________
1:16 Such teachers ________________ to know God, but by their ____________________________ they deny him. Such teachers are ___________________________________, ______________________________________ and unfit for doing anything _____________________________.
2:2 Notice, there is a difference between older men with the qualifications spelled out (elders) and older men who just have lived longer. The same can be said of servants with the qualifications spelled out (deacons) and Christians who serve others.
2:3 Older women are not to be _____________________________________.
2:4 Older women are to teach who? _________________________________
2:5 Younger women are to be busy where? _____________________________________________________
2:2,5,6 What one trait is commanded of older men, younger women and young men?
2:9,10 Slaves are not to _______________________________ back to their masters or to ___________________________ from them. Could this also apply to employees? __________________
2:11 Everyone has to submit to someone; but it is not demeaning, for __________________________________________________ has appeared to _______________________.
2:12 What are we to say to ungodliness? _______________
3:1 What kind of rulers and authorities are we supposed to be subject to? ___________________________________________
3:2 We are to _____________________________ no one, but show true _________________________________ toward ______ men.
3:3 Before being saved, we were hated and _________________________________ one another.
3:5 God saved us through the _______________________________________ of rebirth. How do we become a "new (reborn) man?" (See Romans 6:4 & 8) __________________________________________
3:8 Therefore, Christians are to ____________________________ themselves to doing ____________________.
3:9 We are to avoid
because it is unprofitable and useless.
3:10 What kind of person is the church to have nothing to do with after two warnings? _________________________________ People who divide the church with their controversies are _________________________________ and sinful.
3:14 Devoting ourselves to doing good includes working to provide for one's daily necessities.