EPISTLES OF THE NEW TESTAMENT

 

I TIMOTHY

Total Church

 

1:3           command certain men not to teach false doctrines any longer

2:1-2        first of all, that requests, prayers, intercession and thanksgiving e made for everyone

2:8           men...to lift up holy hands in prayer

1:9,11      women to dress modestly...learn in quietness

3:2           the overseer (elder) must be above reproach, the husband

3:8           Deacons, likewise, are to be men

3:13         how people ought to conduct themselves in God's household

4:3           in later times....teachings come through hypocritical liars....forbid to marry and...abstain from certain meats

4:13         public reading of Scriptures, to preaching and to teaching

5:3           Give proper recognition to those widows who are really in need

5:17         elders direct the affairs of the church

6:4           unhealthy interest in controversies and quarrels about words

See study of Ephesians for background on Ephesus.  This city will show up again in the book of Revelation written by John. 

 

Paul defended himself before Nero Caesar with no one coming forward to testify in his behalf (2 Tim. 4:16).  He was destined to be thrown to the lions, but he was instead set free.  Thereupon he went to Colosae (Philemon 22) where he wrote Timothy in Ephesus (1:3), probably at the same time he wrote Titus.  Both letters regarding church leadership and conduct.  In his letter to Philemon, just before his release, he called himself "an old man" (v. 9) and knew that, although he escaped death during this imprisonment, his death would come soon enough one way or another.  Therefore, he needed to leave written instructions about church organization.

 

Paul had spent more time in Ephesus than any other place (3 years - Acts 20:31).  He set up a daily Bible school there which he ran for two years (Acts 19:9-10).  As a result of his influence, scrolls of incantations were burned in the street, valued at 50,000 pieces of silver (50,000 days' wages).  He'd pushed the pagans too far that time, and there was a riot defending Artemis.  In the ampitheatre, the mob cried out for two hours, "Great is Artemis of the Ephesians!" (Acts 19:34).  Finally, Paul had to sneak out of town in order to save his life.

 

He left Timothy behind in Ephesus to continue teaching them.  It is interesting that Paul stayed here and struggled so long, and "never stopped warning each of you night and day with tears" (Acts 20:31).  Apparently in his mind it was the most important city for church growth in Turkey, but had many hurdles to overcome.  Paul really struggled with them.  Six or eight months later when Paul passed near Ephesus on his way to Jerusalem, he sent for the Ephesian elders, and warned these elders:

 

"Keep watch over yourselves and all the flock of which the Holy Spirit was made you overseers [Greek, bishops]....I KNOW that after I leave, savage wolves will come in among you and will not spare the flock.  EVEN FROM YOUR OWN NUMBER men will arise and distort the truth in order to draw away disciples after them."

 

Because of Paul's foreknowledge that some of the elders of the Ephesian congregation would lead them astray, he left Timothy behind to "command certain men not to teach false doctrines any longer" (1 Tim. 1:3).  Now Paul wants to remind Timothy what he had previously said and put it in writing so no one misunderstands.

 

But sadly, by the time we meet up with the congregation in Revelation some 35 years later - a generation later - Jesus is about to take their candlestick away because "You have forsaken your first love" (Rev. 2:4).  There is never a guarantee a congregation will remain true to Jesus' authentic teachings.

 

 

1:1,2    What titles are given to the following:

 

            Paul:  _______________________________________________

            Timothy:  ____________________________________________

            God:  ________________________________________________

            Christ Jesus:  _______________________________________

 

            Yet church historians take the unbiblical liberty of giving Timothy the title of Bishop of Ephesus.  Do you think Paul forgot only Timothy's title?  _______________________

 

1:3,4    What were certain men in the congregation at Ephesus teaching?

 

            F______________________________________________________

            M______________________________________________________

            E______________________________________________________

 

            What did such discussions with other Christians promote?  _______________________________________

            Verse 6 calls this ________________________________ talk.

 

1:7       Some teachers don't know what they're ___________________________ about or what they so confidently _____________________________________________.

 

1:8-10  Teaching principles of the Law of Moses is good when used to help people understand what their sins are.  Write below next to only those applicable Ten Commandments (Exodus 20) the kind of people Paul was referring to:

 

            1 - Don't worship other gods _________________________________________

            2 - Don't make idols _________________________________________________

            3 - Don't misuse God's name __________________________________________

            4 - Keep Sabbath Day holy ________________________________________________

            5 - Honor father and mother __________________________________________

            6 - Don't murder ____________________________________________________

            7 - Don't commit adultery ____________________________________________

            8 - Don't steal ______________________________________________________

            9 - Don't lie ________________________________________________________

            10- Don't covet what others have _____________________________________

 

1:12,16            Paul wasn't being holier-than-thou.  He admitted that he himself had been what?

 

            B ______________________________________________

            P ______________________________________________

            V ______________________________________________

 

            He admitted being "the worst of sinners."  But Jesus displayed his ______________________________________ patience.

 

1:18     Although Paul had been violent, he tells Timothy to fight what kind of fight?  ______________________

 

2:1,2    First of all, prayers should be made for ____________ and all those in _________________________ so the church can live ___________________.

 

2:4       Does God choose just certain people to be saved?  _________  Who does God want saved?  _________________________

 

2:5       Is Mary or are any of the "saints" mediators between God and us?  _________  Who is?  ____________________________

 

2:8       This word "men" lifting up holy hands in prayer means males as opposed to females.

 

2:9-11  In church, women are to dress _________________________ and learn in _______________________________________.

 

            The word "learn" comes from a Greek word meaning that which comes by asking questions, interrogating.

            The word "quietness" here means peaceful calm, the same was what Jesus told the sea to do during the storms (Mark 4:39).

            The word "submission" comes from a Greek word meaning self-control, not control by others

 

2:14     Eve sinned because she was deceived.  Adam jumped right in and ate the fruit, even though he had not been deceived.  Adam's was the first sin (Romans 5:17).  Therefore, men need to stand up in public and declare what is right; it is good for them.

 

3:1,2    An overseer (bishop in footnote) must be a h____________________________.  That means, he must be a man.

 

3:8,11  Deacons also must have a w___________________________.  Therefore, deacons must be men.

 

            NOTE:  There is a difference between being an older man and having the qualifications and office of an elder.  There is also a difference between deaconing (in Greek, ministering), and having the qualifications and office of a deacon.

 

3:15     The theme of this letter is "How people ought to _________________________ themselves in God's _________________.

 

3:2-3    Later the church will get teachers who are hypocritical _____________________, whose _______________________________ have been _______________________________ as with a hot iron.  They will forbid people to _________________________ and order them to abstain from certain ___________________________.  Did this happen?  ______________

 

4:13     Public worship should include ______________________________ of Scripture, ___________________________ and ________________________________.

 

5:3       Grown children with widowed parents should care for them, thus _______________________________ their parents and grandparents.

 

5:10,16            The church should take the burdens of (support) widows only if she is over _________________________, been faithful to her husband, is well known for her good __________________________, such as showing ____________________________.

 

5:13,14            Rather than being supported by the church and being given time to gossip and be _______________________________, saying things they ought not to, younger widows should ________________________________.

 

5:17     Elders are to ___________________________ the affairs of the _____________________, and if possible they should ______________________ and _______________________________.

 

5:17-18 Giving "double honor" to elders if their work is preaching and teach means they deserve to receive ______________________.

 

5:22     Timothy laid his hands on certain people.  Acts 6:6 says the elders and apostles laid their hands on the first deacons to appoint them.  Therefore, Timothy laid his hands on what two groups whose qualifications are given to hold what two offices? _______________________________________________  ________________________________________________________________________

 

            Note:  Another case of laying on of hands was done by those lower in the church hierarchy onto those higher:  Elders to apostles (Acts 13:1-3).  Laying on of hands was only to apostles or by apostles (to give spiritual gifts) and also only to elders and deacons.  Never was it done by ministers to "ordain" other ministers.

 

6:3-5    Any who teach false doctrine are __________________________________ and understands _______________________.  All they create is an ________________________________ interest in ___________________________________ and _____________________________ about _____________________________.  What does this create in the church?

 

            *

            *

            *

            *

            *

 

            Such people use religion (godliness) as a means to what?  _____________________________________________________

 

6:7       Instead of money, we should be content with what?  ____________________ and ___________________________.

 

6:12-13 Comparing John 18:36-37 where Jesus made "the good confession" before Pilate, and Acts 8:37 [see footnote in your Bible] where The eunuch made "the good confession," what was the "good confession" Timothy apparently made when he took hold of eternal life?  ____________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________

 

 

2 TIMOTHY

Tearing the Church

 

2:14         quarreling about words...ruins

2:16,17    godless chatter...gangrene

2:23,24    foolish and stupid arguments...quarrels....resentful

2:24         come to their senses and escape from the trap of the devil

3:1           terrible times

3:5           a form of godliness

3:6           control over weak-willed

3:8,9        oppose the truth...depraved minds...folly

3:11,12    persecutions...persecuted

3:13         imposters...bad to worse, deceiving

4:3           not put up with sound doctrine

4:14         a great deal of harm

After release from prison the first time, Paul went to Colossae to regroup.  Then he went to the border of Greece and Bulgaria where he met with Titus (Titus 3:12) and recommend he go on up into Europe farther to preach.  Titus then went on up into Yugoslavia (Dalmatia - 2 Tim. 4:10).  Then Paul revisited Corinth (2 Tim. 4:20a) where he left Erastus, Timothy's old friend.  Then he went to the province of Asia in Turkey where he visited Miletus and left Trophimus there sick.  Then he went back north and revisited Troas/Troy where he left his cloak and parchments.  It was apparently here that Paul was re-arrested and taken back to Rome.  No one in the entire province of Asia made any attempt to help him escape his arrest.

 

No one even knew what happened to Paul until Ones-iphorus from Ephesus (2 Tim. 4:19) went to Rome and searcged for him until he found him.  Then he took care of Paul's needs until the Roman Christians could step in and help (2 Tim. 4:21).  Instead of a rented house, Paul was this time apparently put in a prison.  He referred to "me his prisoner" (2 Tim. 1:8), my chains (1:16), and "suffering even to the point of being chained like a criminal [is]" (2 Tim. 2:9); and he was certain he would be executed, for "the time has come for my departure" (2 Tim. 4:6).  But Paul had "fought the good fight...finished the race...kept the faith."  Now he knew there was in store for him "the crown of righteousness."

 

He begged Timothy to get John Mark and "come to me quickly," for he knew he was about to die.  Dr. Luke was with him from the old days too, possibly to treat any wounds he may have or cold from the dungeon.  They had been through a lot together.  But in the mean time, Paul warned about false teachers.  It was a growing problem in the church.  He did not give any more doctrine, and he didn't even bother to say what all the arguing was about, for it was senseless.  He just told Timothy to keep watch over the church.  His last letter is interlaced with such warnings and his goodbyes.

 

Was it all worth it?  Ten years earlier in 2 Corinthians 11:24-27 he recalled what he'd been through thus far: 

 

5 times received 39 lashes from Jews                                In danger from rivers                           Knew hunger

3 times beaten with rods                                                     In danger from bandits                        Knew thirst

1 time  stoned unto death                                   In danger from Jews                            Knew cold

3 times shipwrecked                                                            In danger from Gentiles                       Knew nakedness

1 time spent a night and day in open water     In danger from false brothers

 

He'd been constantly on the move.  He'd worked to support himself and often went without sleep.  Christianity was not easy.  Was it worth it?  He said it was.

 

 

1:4       When Paul said goodbye the last time, what did Timothy do?  ______________________

 

1:7       God did not give us a spirit of _____________________________, but a spirit of __________________________.

 

1:8       How alone Paul must have felt.  How many times did he use the word "ashamed" at the beginning of his letter (see also v. 1:12,16 and 2:15)?  _______________________

 

2:8       Paul referred to two miracles as "my gospel":  Jesus was raised from the __________________, and he descended from ____________________________ as predicted 1000 years earlier.  In brief, that pretty much covers the gospel.

 

2:11-12  If we _________________________ with Christ, we will also ______________________________ with him.

            If we disown Christ, he will also _________________________________ us.

           

2:14     Quarreling in church about words is of no _____________________________ and only ___________________________ those who listen.

 

2:15     How must we handle the word of truth?  _______________________________

 

2:16-17 Godless chatter spreads like _____________________________________ in the church.

 

2:23-24 We are not to have anything to do with ______________________________ and _______________________________ arguments because they

            only produce ___________________________ which in turn creates re-______________________.

 

3:1-5    In the latter days people will do many sins people have always done.  The world will never change.  List below three of those sins you have trouble overcoming:

 

 

 

             

3:6       How does this verse remind you of tel-evangelists?  _________________________________________________________

 

3:7       The weak-willed are always _______________________ but never able to acknowledge ____________________.

 

3:11     Paul recalls terrible things that happened to him 30 years earlier in Antioch, Iconium and Lystra.  In one of those places he was left for dead.  He had lived a life of being hated by those he was trying to help.

 

3:12     Who WILL be persecuted?  ______________________________________________________________  How have you been persecuted because you tried to teach the truth?  _____________________________________________________________  Did you give up after that to avoid persecution? 

 

3:15     What makes us wise for salvation?  ____________________________________________

 

3:16     Scripture [not our own ideas] should be used for what things:

 

            *

            *

            *

            *

 

4:3       People often gather around them ______________________________ who will tell them what they want to hear.

 

4:5       The closest Paul ever came to giving Timothy a title was where he described his work.  Did he call him a bishop?  _____  What did he call him?  ___________________________________

 

4:6       Paul was already being ______________________________________________, possibly with torture.  He knows the time has come for his _____________________________ from this life.

 

4:7       May we, too, be able to say this as we die:  "I have ________________________ the good fight, I have ____________________________________ the course, I have ________________________ the faith.

 

4:18     Paul said God would rescue him from evil attacks by bringing him safely where?  _________________________________

 

 

Peter was executed about the time this letter was written; Paul was executed the following year - a blow to Christianity they could recover from.  The year after that, Jerusalem and the Temple were destroyed - the final blow to Judaism.