SURVEY OF THE OLD TESTAMENT

 

OT:  FIRST WILL AND TESTAMENT OF GOD

NT:  LAST WILL AND TESTAMENT OF GOD

 

 

Page Numbers are from the New International Version Pew Bibles

If you do not have this type Bible, just ignore the page number citations.  The Scriptures are all the same.

 

 

Lesson One

 

DAY ONE:

 

1.         The Bible is divided into two parts.  The Old Testament starts with the creation and covers about 4000 years.  The New Testament starts with the birth of Christ and covers about 100 years.  Hebrews 9:1 & 15 (pg. 1166) substitutes the word covenant for testament, but explains the difference:  "Now the ________ covenant [testament] had regulations for worship and also an earthly sanctuary....Christ is the mediator of a ___________ covenant [testament]."

 

            Hebrews 9:16 (pg. 1166) explains that "in the case of a ____________, it is necessary to prove the _______________ of the one who made it."  It goes on to explain that the death of animals on altars in the O.T. made the O.T. valid, and the death of Jesus in the N.T. made the N.T. valid.

 

2.         The Bible is made up of 66 smaller books, some named after a major event, some named after the writer, and some named after the person to whom it was written.  Many of these small books started out as letters to followers of God in certain cities.

 

            In the Table of Contents of your Bible, place brackets around the following and identify what they cover:

 

                                                                        OLD TESTAMENT

5 books

Genesis - Deuteronomy

Law & Pre-History of Jews

4000 - 1400 BC

12 books

Joshua - Esther

History of the Jews

1400 - 450 BC

5 books

Job - Song of Songs

Poetry

3000 - 1000 BC

5 books

Isaiah - Daniel

Major Prophets (long books)

700 - 530 BC

12 books

Hosea - Malachi

Minor Prophets (short books)

750 - 430 BC

                                                                        NEW TESTAMENT

4 books

Matthew - John

Life of Christ

4 BC - 29 AD

1 book

Acts of the Apostles

History of 1st Century Church

29 - 65 AD

21 books

Romans - Jude

Letters of the Apostles

50 - 90 AD

1 book

Revelation

Prophecy

95 AD

 

 

Just as people go through life stages, mankind has also, as reflected in the Bible.

 

 

 

 

INFANCY

One rule to live by

Don't cry too much

Genesis

Garden of Eden

Mankind crawled out of the cradle (Eden)

TODDLER

A few rules to live by

Genesis

Up to death of Abraham's great grandsons

Mankind started exploring & getting into a little trouble.

PRE-ADOLESCENCE

Approx. 600 rules to live by - Law of Moses

Organized Religion

Exodus -Joshua

World population built up.  Divided into nations.  Uncivilized.  Torture, human sacrifices, etc.

NOTE:  God never runs ahead of mankind.  He deals with us where we are, even when we're barbaric.

ADOLESCENCE

Rebellion

Kings and

Chronicles

We invented gods of our own liking.

We broke every one of God's rules, plus laws of common decency.

 

Run-ins with Authority

Isaiah - Malachi

Warned Jews and surrounding countries.

All acting self-destructive.

Today, either they no longer exist or they are small and powerless:  Babylon, Persia, Media, Moab, Edom, Israel, Egypt, Greece, Italy.

YOUNG ADULTHOOD

Apprenticeship

Matthew - John

God sent his Son to SHOW US how to live and keep those 600 laws.

 

Graduate

Acts

Transition from life of rules to understanding.

ADULTHOOD

Self-Motivator

Romans - Revelation

Explains godly life on spiritually adult level.

 

3.         If we don't live under the Old Testament laws any more, why study it?

 

            a.         1 Corinthians 10:11 (pg. 1112) "These things happened to them as _________________________ and were written down as ___________________ for ____________.  So, if you ________________ you are _____________________________ firm, be careful that you don't __________________."

 

            b.         Galatians 3:24 (pg. 1130)         (Look this up in the King James Version)  "Wherefore the ____________ was our _______________________ to bring us unto Christ."

 

            c.         James 5:10 (pg. 1175)  "As an example of _____________ in the face of ___________________, take the

            _________________________ who spoke in the name of the Lord."

 

4.         Another reason to study the O.T. is that it provides proof that

 

            a.         The Bible is true because of the many prophecies of nations and events that came true hundreds of years after being made.

                       

            b.         Jesus is the Son of God Because of the many prophecies his life fulfilled hundreds of years after being made.

 

 

GENESIS

 

1:26     Only after creating the world and all in it did God create what? _______________   (NOTICE God said, "Let US," the first indication of the trinity.)

 

2:14     Among the rivers flowing through the Garden of Eden were the _______________ and ___________________________.  These rivers are in Iraq today.

 

3:3       In mankind's infancy, apparently they could communicate with animals more than today.  Who entered the serpent and spoke to Eve (hint:  Revelation 12:9, pg. 1199)?  _________________________

 

3:6       Compare what Satan claimed God said with what God actually said.  In 2:17 God said they must not eat from the tree of the ____________________________ of ____________________________________

            or they will _____________________.  But Satan added:  "You must not ____________________ it."  Do you think Satan influences people today to add to God's Word things God did not say?_______

 

3:9       God could not find Adam and Eve.  They had died in what way (see Ephesians 2:1-5, pg. 1133)?  ___________________________

 

3:15     This is the first prophecy that God will someday send someone to save us from our sins, His Son, Jesus Christ.  God told Eve, "I will put ____________________________________ you and the woman, Satan's _________________ and her offspring.  In what way was this fulfilled (see Hebrews 2:14, pg. 1162)?  _________________________________

 

 

DAY TWO:

 

4:1-2    Who were Adam and Eve's first sons?  ___________________________________

 

4:8       One of those sons became the first m_______________________ out of jealousy.

 

6:2       After several centuries, the sons of God married the daughters of men.  Were these sons of God angels?  (below)

 

            Look up Mark 12:25 (pg. 983).  Can and do angels marry? _____________

            Look up Hebrews 1:5 (pg. 1161).  Did God ever call the angels his sons? ______________

            Look up Genesis 6:1 and 34:16.  Who were the daughters of men? _____________________________

            Look up 2 Corinthians 6:18 (pg. 1122).  Who did God consider his daughters? __________________

            Look up Genesis 4:26 and Hosea 1:10 (pg. 871).  Who did God consider his sons? ______________

 

7:7       Did Noah try to get others to believe God and be saved on the ark (Hint:  2 Peter 2:5, pg. 1181)?  ________________  But how many ended up being saved (see also 5:32)?  ___________

 

7:11     How old was Noah when the rains began?  ________________  How old was he went the earth was dry enough to leave the ark (8:13-15)?  ______________________________________________________

 

            Look at 1 Peter 3:20-21 (pg. 1178).  What did the rain water falling down on Noah and the flood water rising up beneath Noah eventually symbolize?  ________________________________

 

11:31   One of Noah's descendants through his oldest son, Shem, was Terah who had a son named _______________________________, a daughter-in-law named ____________________________, and a grandson

            named _______________________.  They lived in the city of ____ in Chaldea/Babylon/Iraq and moved to _____________ ____________________________________ in Syria.

 

18:18   God prophesied to Abraham that his descendants will become a powerful          ____________________.  What was that nation (see John 8:31 & 33, pg. 1038)? _________________________

 

19:1,5  Sodom had become so evil that men roamed the streets at night looking for more men to have _________________ with.  (NOTE:  From this comes the word Sodomy).  Abraham's nephew, ______, lived here.  God would have spared the city had there been even _______ righteous people there (18:32).

 

22:2     God told Abraham to take his ______________ son, Isaac, and ______________________ him as a burnt offering.  What does this remind you of (see John 3:16, pg. 1030)?  _______________________________

 

            What did Abraham believe God would do once Isaac was dead (Hebrews 11:17-19, pg. 1169)?  ____________________________________________________________. 

 

22:12f  Instead, what took Isaac's place?  ___________________________  What does that remind you of (see John 1:29, pg. 1028))?  __________________________________________________________________________

 

About the time of Abraham, there was another famous man living in the area of today's Arabia.  His name was Job.  He was not a Jew, but he loved God anyway. 

 

 

DAY THREE:

JOB (PG. 493)

 

1:2f      Job had ___________ sons and _____________ daughters, was very wealthy, and was the greatest man of the

            _____________.

 

1:6       There was only one Son of God in heaven, Jesus.  Were angels ever called sons of God (see Hebrews 1:5, pg. 1161)?  ____________  Therefore, who were the sons of God (see 2 Corinthians 6:1 & 18, pg.1122)?  _______________________

            Do you think Satan is ever present during our worship services?  __________________________

 

1:7       What does Satan do as he goes ____________________ and __________________ through the earth (see 1 Peter 5:8, pg. 1179)?  _______________________________________________________________________________________________

 

1:10f    Satan claimed Job only worshipped God because God had blessed the __________________ of his hands (materialistic viewpoint).  He also claimed that Job would blame God if his material wealth was destroyed.  Did God believe this?  ______________  (Loss of material goods is not a major loss to the spiritually minded.)

 

1:14f    The Sabeans attacked and carried off what of Job's possessions?  __________________________  Who did they kill?  ______________________

 

1:16     What did lightning kill?  ______________________________

 

1:17     What did the Chaldeans (today's Iraq) carry off?  _______________________________

 

1:19     What did the cyclone destroy?  _________________________________________

 

1:21     What did Job say to all this?  __________________________________________________________________________

           

1:22     Job did not sin by charging _______________ for this.  He did not sin with his mouth.  But he could still be a better man, as indicated at the end of the book.

 

 

DAY FOUR:

 

2:1       Satan not only has access to God's worshippers on earth, but he also has access to his worshippers in _________________.

 

2:4       Satan said that if he could strike Job with a fatal illness, Job would do what to God?  ______________________________

 

2:7       So Job was afflicted with ________ from the soles of his _______________ to the top of his ________________.  (NOTE:  It is believed that he had a form of leprosy.)

 

2:9       Job's wife said, "_____________ God and die."  However, the word translated "curse" here is "barak" in Hebrew and is translated some 300 times elsewhere in the Old Testament as "bless."  It is my opinion that she was saying, "Give in to God's will if he wants you in heaven now.  I'll be okay."

 

2:10     Although Job thought she was talking like a __________________ woman, he himself said he wanted to die on numerous occasions after this.

 

NOTE:  Most of the rest of the book is made up of three of Job's friends trying to get him to admit to some sin as proof that was why he was suffering.  Job always argued with them.  Finally a fourth friend figured it out.

 

3:25     How strong are our fears?  Job said, "What I ______________________ has come upon me; what I ____________________ has happened to me."  Do you think sometimes God allows us to face our fears head on so we can become stronger?  ____

 

13:15   Job told his friends, "Though he [God] __________________ me, yet will I __________________ in him."

 

14:14   Job believed in an afterlife.  "If a man _______________, will he live ______________?  I will wait for my ______________ to come."

 

19:17f  Job's illness was taking its toll.  "My ________________ is offensive to my wife; I am loathsome to my own brothers....I am nothing but ______________ and __________________."

 

23:8f    "If I go to the __________________, he is not there; if I go to the _________________, I do not find him.  When he is at work in the __________________, I do not see him; when he turns to the ______________________, I catch no glimpse of him.  BUT he _____________________ the way I take; when he has ______________________ me, I will come forth as ______________________."

 

 

DAY FIVE:

 

26:7     Here's a scientific fact that people did not know then, a proof that the Bible was written by God:  God "spreads out the northern skies over ______________________________ space."  Scientists say that there are no stars in the northern sky at all.  "He _______________________________ the earth over __________________________."  At that time, people commonly thought the earth was held up by a god or something else.

 

28:5     Another scientific fact:  What is inside the earth?  ______________________  Could early man have known this?  ________

 

29:25   Job dwelt as a ___________________________.

 

30:30f  Job's illness worsened.  His skin was now _____________________ and was ___________________.  He was hot with _______________________.  His harp (vocal cords) were weak.

 

31:1     A message to modern men:  Job made a _____________________________ with his _______________ not to look _____________________________ at other women.

 

35:7     Finally, Job's youngest friend figured out the problem.  He asked Job who had been defending how righteous he is, "If you ______, how does that affect him [God]?  If you are __________________, what do you _________________ to him [God], or what does he _____________________ from your hand?"  Job and his friends have been centering their attention on how good and bad man is instead of God.

 

37:19f  Elihu's conclusion:  Quit trying to figure out God.  You are not on his level intellectually.  "We cannot draw up our [court] __________________ because of our [intellect's] ____________________....The Almighty is _______________________ our reach." 

 

38:18f  Finally God spoke to Job and asked where he was when he created the world.  "Have you __________________________ the vast expanses of the earth?  _____________ me, if you _______________ all this."

 

38:24   Another scientific fact:  The light is divided into different colors.

 

40:2     God continues to question.  "Will the one who _________________________ with the Almighty ______________________ him?"

 

40:8     "Would you _______________________________ my justice?  Would you ______________________ me to justify ______________________________?"  Do we do this to God even today?  _______________

 

 

DAY SIX:

 

42:5     Finally Job concludes from all his trials that he was good, but could be a lot better.  "My ______________ had heard of you, but now my _______________________ have seen you.  Therefore I _____________________ myself and ____________________ in dust and ashes."

 

42:10   Afterwards, Job recovered and God made him ____________________________ with ______________ as much as he had before.

 

GENESIS

 

25:20   Who did Isaac marry?  ____________________________________________

 

25:24f  They had ________________ sons named ________________________ and _______________________.

 

26:4     God repeated his promise formerly given to Abraham, and now to Isaac, that through his offspring all _______________________________ on earth will be ____________________________.

 

29:27f  Jacob grew up and married sisters, _______________________ and _______________________.

 

32:28   Years later, God changed Jacob's name to _____________________________.

 

35:23f  Name the twelve sons of Jacob/Israel:  ________________________, ______________________,

            _________________________, _____________________________, _____________________________,

            _________________________, _____________________________, _____________________________,

            _________________________, _____________________________, _____________________________,

            _________________________.  Eventually they had families so large, each family was called a tribe.  Hence, the Twelve Tribes of Jacob/Israel.

 

37:28   One of his sons, _________________________, was sold by his ________________________ and

            taken away to ____________________________ when he was 17 years old.

 

41:41   When Joseph was 30, Pharaoh made him second in command of all of __________________________.

 

46:27   When this happened, Joseph sent for his father and brothers and their families to come live in Egypt.  How many went there?  ___________________

 

49:10   Before Jacob/Israel died, he gave a prophecy to one of his sons, Judah:  "The __________________ will not depart from Judah....until he comes to whom it belongs.  Who was he predicting this special king should be some day (see Hebrews 1:8)?  _______________________________  What tribe (son of Jacob/Israel) did Jesus belong to (see Matthew 1:2)?  _______________________________

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

                                                        SCRIPTURES USED IN LESSON ONE

 

Hebrews 9:1 & 15 - Now the first covenant [Testament] had regulations for worship and also an earthly sanctuary....For this reason Christ is the mediator of a new covenant [Testament], that those who are called may receive the promised eternal inheritance - now that he has died as a ransom to set them free from the sins committed under the first covenant [Testament].

 

Hebrews 9:16 - In the case of a will, it is necessary to prove the death of the one who made it.

 

1 Corinthians 10:11 - These things happened to them as examples and were written down as warnintgs for us, on whom the fulfillment of the ages has come.

 

Galatians 3:24 (KJV) - Wherefore, the law was our schoolmaster to bring us unto Christ, that we might be justified by faith.

 

James 5:10 - Brothers, as an example of patience in the face of suffering, take the prophets who spoke in the name of the Lord.

 

Revelation 12:9 - The great dragon was hurled down - that ancient serpent called the devil, or Satan, who leads the whole world astray.  He was hurled to the earth, and his angels with him.

 

Ephesians 2:1-5 - As for you, you were dead in your transgressions and sins, in which you used to live when you followed the ways of this world and of the ruler of the kingdom of the air, the spirit who is now at work in those who are disobedient.  All of us also lived among them at one time, gratifying the cravings of our sinful nature and following its desires and thoughts.  Like the rest, we were by nature objects of wrath.  But because of his great love for us, God, who is rich in mercy, made us alive with Christ even when we were dead in transgressions - it is by grace you have been saved.

 

Hebrews 2:14f - Since the children have flesh and blood, he too shared in their humanity so that by his death he might destroy him who holds the power of death - that is, the devil - and free those who all their lives were held in slavery by their fear of death.

 

Hosea 1:10 - Yet the Israelites will be like the sand on the seashore, which cannot be measured or counted.  In the place where it was said to them, "You are not my people," they will be called "sons of the living God."

 

2 Corinthians 6:17 - Therefore come out from them and be separate, says the Lord.  Touch no unclean thing, and I will receive you.

 

Hebrews 1:5 - For to which of the angels did God ever say, "You are my Son; today I have become your Father"?  Or again, "I will be his Father, and he will be my Son"?

 

Mark 12:25 - When the dead rise, they will neither marry nor be given in marriage; they will be like the angels in heaven.

 

2 Peter 2:5 - ...he did not spare the ancient world when he brought the flood on its ungodly people, but protected Noah, a preacher of righteousness, and seven others.

 

1 Peter 3:20-21 - Who disobeyed long ago when God waited patiently in the days of Noah while the ark was being built.  In it only a few people, eight in all, were saved through water, and this water symbolizes baptism that now saves you also - not the removal of dirt from the body but the pledge of a good conscience toward God.

 

John 8:31-33 - To the Jews who had believed him, Jesus said, "If you hold to my teaching, you are really my disciples.  Then you will know the truth, and the truth will set you free."  They answered him, "We are Abraham's descendants and have never been slaves of anyone.  How can you say that we shall be set free?" 

 

John 3:16 - "For God so loved the world that he gave his one and only Son, that whoever believes in him shall not perish but have eternal life.

 

Hebrews 11:17-19 - By faith Abraham, when God tested him, offered Isaac as a sacrifice.  He who had received the promises was about to sacrifice his one and only son, even though God had said to him, "It is through Isaac that your offspring will be reckoned."  Abraham reasoned that God could raise the dead, and figuratively speaking, he did receive Isaac back from death.

 

Hebrews 1:8 - But about the Son he says, "Your throne, O God, will last for ever and ever, and righteousness will be the scepter of your kingdom.

 

Matthew 1:2 - Abraham was the father of Isaac, Isaac the father of Jacob, Jacob the father of Judah and his [11] brothers.