SURVEY OF THE OLD TESTAMENT

 

Lesson Three

 

 

THE LAW OF MOSES

1500 BC

 

EXODUS (PG. 78)

This last half of Exodus covers establishment of national laws & religion

after EXITING from Egypt.

 

DAY ONE:

 

25:1     Was the tabernacle (tent of worship) paid for by tithing?  ______________

 

25:10   According to the footnote, how long and wide was the golden Ark of the Covenant?  _________________

 

25:18f  On the cover were to be two __________________________ (angels), one at each end facing each other, with their ____________________ spread _________________ and outward over the ___________________.

 

25:14   It was to be carried with __________________________ on each side.  We might think this is not very important and God would want us to carry it with best way or the most ceremonious way we could.  However, in 2 Samuel 6:3 (pg. 298), they moved the ark by putting it on a _____________________.  Verses 6 and 7 says that the oxen stumbled and the ark started to fall to the ground so a man named Uzzah took _________________ of the ark.  What did God do to this man?  ______________________________  How important is it to worship God the way he said and not our way?  ___________

            ______________________________________________________________________________________________________

 

            According to Hebrews 9:4 (pg. 1166), what was placed inside this ark?  __________________________________________

            ______________________________________________________________________________________________________

 

25:23   According to the footnote, how long, wide and high was the table of shew bread?  _________________________________

           

25:30   According to Leviticus 6:16 (pg. 101), the bread placed on this table was to be made without ___________________.  Do you think God would have been pleased had they made it with yeast "because it tastes better that way"?  __________

 

25:32   The golden lamp stand was divided in half with _____________ branches on each side of the upright stand.

 

25:37   There was to be a cup at the top of each of the six branches and one in the middle, making a total of __________ cups for seven lamps.  How important do you think it was for them to have exactly seven branches, despite what they thought might be prettier or give more light?  See below.

 

            Revelation 1:12 (pg. 1191) depicts the Son of God standing amidst _______________ golden lamp stands.  Verse 20 says they represented ________________________ churches.

 

26:1f    The tabernacle (tent of worship) was made of ten curtains, each 42 feet long and 6 feet high.  How many square feet would that make the tabernacle?  ________________________

 

26:33   Another curtain was used as a room divided to separate the ________________________ Place from the Most _____________ Place.

 

26:34   What was placed behind the curtain in the Most Holy Place?___________________________________________________

            (Note:  Only one person was allowed to enter the Most Holy Place, the High Priest, and even then just once a year -- see below.)

 

            Matthew 27:51 (pg. 977) says that at the moment of Jesus' death, what tore in the temple?  __________________________

 

            Hebrews 10:19-20 (pg. 1168) says we all can now enter the ___________________________________________________ because symbolically Jesus became the ____________________ and invites us all to enter in.

 

            Would this symbolism have had any meaning to us if the Jews had not put the curtain exactly where God told them to? ___

 

 

DAY TWO:

 

27:1     According to the footnote, how long and high was the altar for burnt offerings?  ___________________________________

 

27:2     What was to be placed on each corner of the altar?  ______________________ 

 

30:10   Once a year, the high priest was to make _______________________ for the people's sins on its __________________ with _______________________.

 

            In Luke 1:69(pg. 992), at the birth of John the Baptist, his father said next soon God would raise up a descendant of David to be a __________________ of salvation for us.

 

27:9     Outside the tabernacle was to be a courtyard, also enclosed with curtains, the south and north sides being how long?

            ___________________

 

27:12   The west and east sides were to be how long?  _______________________

 

30:1     The golden altar for burning incense was how long, wide, and high?  ____________________________________________

 

30:6     Where was this altar to be placed?  ________________________________________________________________________

            Do you think God would have been pleased if they had placed it somewhere else?  ____________

 

            Revelation 8:3 (pg. 1196) says that in heaven in front of the throne of God is the altar of incense which now offers the fragrant ______________________ of all the saints (Christians).

 

30:21   What did God say would happened if the priests did not use the bronze basin to wash in?  _______________________

 

            Since Revelation 1:6 (pg. 1191) says all Christians are now priests, what is the relationship between this washing and the washing of baptism which the first-century Christians practiced (Acts 22:16, pg. 1081)?  ____________________________

           

30:30   To consecrate Aaron as high priest and his sons as priests, what did Moses do to them?  ____________________________

           

            Why do you think that, when Jesus proclaimed himself the anointed one (Luke 4:18-21, 28 [pg. 996]), the Jews became so angry and tried to kill him? ______________________________________________________________________________

 

                                                                                   * * * * *

 

            To answer the question, "How important was it that they follow God's pattern exactly?" look at Hebrews 8:5 (pg. 1165).  This tabernacle and its furnishings served as a _______________________ and shadow of what is in ______________________.

 

 

LEVITICUS

(Named after the Levite Tribe which became Priests & their Aides)

 

DAY THREE:

 

BURNT OFFERINGS

 

1:3       The burnt offering must be a male without _______________________.  (Compare with 2 Corinthians 5:21, pg. 1122, and Hebrews 9:14, pg. 1166) God made him who had ______ sin...."Christ...offered himself un___________________ to God.

 

1:9       It is a burnt offering, an offering made by fire, an __________________ pleasing to the Lord.  (Compare with Ephesians 5:2, pg. 1136)  Christ loved us and gave himself up for us as a _________________________ offering and sacrifice to God.

 

1:13     Season all your grain offerings with ____________________.  Do not leave the salt of the _______________ of your God out....add ______________________ to all your offerings.  (Compare with Matthew 5:13, pg. 936) You are the _________________ of the earth.

 

FELLOWSHIP OFFERINGS

 

3:17     You must not eat any fat or any blood.  (Compare with Acts 15:20, pg. 1073) ....abstain from...meat of strangled animals and from blood.

 

SIN OFFERINGS

 

4:1       The Law of Moses provided for sacrifices for anyone who sins _______________________________.  (Compare with Acts 17:30, pg. 1076) In times past God overlooked such ______________________________, but now he commands all people everywhere to ___________________________.  (See Romans 1:20; 2:12-15; 3:9 & 23, pg. 1090 regarding repenting and obeying God by instinct.)

 

4:12     Part of the bull of offering is to be eaten.  The rest must be taken _____________________ the camp.  (Compare with Hebrews 13:11-12, pg. 1171)  The high priest carries the blood of animals into the Most Holy Place as a sin offering, but the bodies are burned outside the camp.  And so Jesus also suffered ________________________ the __________ gate to make the people ______________ through his ____________ blood. 

 

GUILT OFFERINGS 

 

7:6,9    Any male in a priest's family may ___________ it [sacrifice]....Every grain offering ______________ in an oven or ___________ in a pan or on a griddle belongs to the priest who offers it.  (Compare with 1 Corinthians 9:13-14, pg. 1111.) Don't you know that those who work in the _______________________ get their ________________ from the temple, and those who serve at the altar share in what is offered on the altar?  In the same way, the Lord has ________________________ that those who____________________________ the gospel should receive their _________________ from the gospel.

 

7:26f    You must not eat the _____________________________ of any bird or animal.  If anyone eats __________________, that person must be ________________________________ from his people.  (See Acts 17:10b, pg. 1075) ...abstain...from the meat of strangled animals and from blood.

 

8:15     Moses slaughtered the bull and took some of the _______________________, and with his finger he put it on all the horns of the altar to ____________________ to altar....to make __________________________ for it.  (Compare with Hebrews 9:21-23, pg. 1167) "This is the blood of the covenant....he sprinkled with the blood both the tabernacle and everything used in its ceremonies.  In fact, the law _______________________________ that nearly everything be ___________________ with blood, and without the ____________________________ of blood there is no forgiveness.  It was ___________________ for the _____________________ of the heavenly things to be purified with these ________________________.

 

9:7       "Come to the altar and _______________________ your __________ offerings and your burnt offerings and make ____________________________________ for yourself and the people."  (Compare with Hebrews 7:24 & 27, pg. 1165) Because ____________________ lives forever, he has a permanent __________________....Unlike the other high priests, he does not need to offer __________________________________ day after day, first for his own sins and then for the ________ of the people.  He _____________________ for their sins once for all when he offered _______________________.

 

 

DAY FOUR:

 

10:1f    We tend to think that God will overlook things we do in worship, even though he did not tell us to do those things.  Look at what happened to two of the sons of Aaron, Moses' brother and the first High Priest of the Jews:  ....took their censers, put ______________ in them and added ______________________; and they offered ______________________________ fire before the Lord, contrary to his command.  So ___________________ came out from the presence of the Lord and ___________________________ them, and they died before the Lord.  When God tells us to do something, we're to do it his way, not our way.

 

10:9     "You and your sons are ______________ to drink ____________________ for other ______________________ drink whenever you go into the Tent of Meeting, or you will die."  (Compare with 1 Timothy 3:2-3, pg. 1152) Now the ____________________ [elder] must be above reproach....not given to ____________________________.

 

CLEAN & UNCLEAN FOOD

 

11:2f    They were allowed to eat any animals with a split _____________ and chewed the _____________.  (Compare with Acts 10:12-14 & 28, pg. 1066) ...heaven opened and something like a large sheet being let down....contained all kinds of four-footed __________________________....Then a voice told him, "Get up, Peter, Kill and ____________."  "Surely not, Lord!" Peter replied.  "I have ever _________ anything impure or _____________________....You are well aware that it is against our law for a __________ to associate with a __________ or visit him.  But _______________ has shown me that I should not all any man impure or __________________________."

 

HEALTH REGULATIONS

 

13:6     Anyone with a sore or rash that does not go away is to have a priest look at it.  Then on the _______________________ day, the priest is to ________________________ him again, and if the sore has faded and has not spread in the _______________, the priest shall pronounce him _________________________; it is only a rash.  The man must wash his _________________, and he will be ____________________.  (Compare with Luke 5:13-14, pg. 997)  Jesus reached out his hand and touched the man.  "I am willing," he said.  "Be ________________!"  And immediately the _____________________ left him.  Then Jesus ordered him..."show yourself to the _____________ and offer the sacrifices that ___________________ commanded for your cleansing."

 

15:25   When a woman has a discharge of ______________ for _______________ days at a time other than her _________________ period or has a discharge that continues beyond her period, she will be ______________________ as long as she has the

15:31   discharge....You must keep the Israelites ________________ from things [and people] that make them unclean, so they will not die in their uncleanness for ________________________________ my ________________________________________.  (Compare with Mark 5:25-29, pg. 973) A woman was there who had been subject to _______________________ for _____________ years.  She had suffered a great deal under the care of ________________ doctors and had _____________________ all she had....When she heard about Jesus....Immediately her __________________ stopped.

 

THE DAY OF ATONEMENT

 

16:2     Aaron [the High Priest] was not to enter any time he wanted into the _______________________ ______________________ Place which was behind the __________________________ where the Ark of the Covenant was.  (Compare Hebrews 9:7-8, pg. 1166) Only the ________________ ___________________ entered the _______________________ ____________________, and that only once a year, and never without ________________, which was offered for himself and for the __________ the people had committed in ignorance.  The Holy Spirit was showing by this that the way into the ________________________________________________ had not yet been disclosed as long as the first _______________ was still standing.

 

16:3     This is how Aaron is to enter the sanctuary area:  with a young bull for a ______________________ offering.  (Compare Hebrews 9:24-25, pg. 1167) For ___________ did not enter a manmade _______________ that was only a __________________ of the true one; he entered _______________ itself, now to appear for us in God's presence.

 

16:6     Aaron is to offer the bull for his own _____________________________ offering to make _______________________ for himself and his household.  (Compare Hebrews 9:12, pg. 1166) He [Jesus] did not enter by means of the blood of goats and calves; but he entered the Most Holy Place once for all by his own ________________, having obtained ___________________ redemption.

 

 

DAY FIVE:

 

16:10   The _________________ chosen by lost as the ___________________ shall be presented _______________ before the Lord to be used for making ________________________ by sending it into the ____________________ as a scapegoat.  (Compare 1 John 2:2, pg. 1183) He [Jesus] is the ____________________ _____________________ for our sins.

 

16:14   He [High Priest] is to take some of the bull's _________ and with his finger _______________ it on the front of the atonement ____________________ [lid of ark in the Holy of Holies].  (Compare Hebrews 10:21-22, pg. 1168) He [the High Priest] sprinkled with the blood both the tabernacle and everything used in its ceremonies...without the shedding of blood there is no forgiveness.

 

16:34   This is to be lasting ordinance for you:  ____________________________ is to be made ________ a ____________ for all the sins of the Israelites.  (Notice, God did not leave us guessing what should be done once a year.)  (Compare Hebrews 10:3-4, pg. 1167) Those sacrifices are an annual_______________________ of sins, because it is ________________________ for the blood of bulls and goats to take away sins.

 

17:11f  "I will set my face ____________________ that person who eats ____________ and will cut him off from his people.  For the _________________ of a creature is in the blood, and I have given it to you to make ______________________ for yourselves on the altar; it is the ____________ that makes atonement for one's life."  (Compare Acts 15:20, pg. 1073) ....abstain from....___________________."

 

HUMAN RELATIONS

 

18:22   Do not lie with a ________ as one lies with a ________________; that is ____________________________.  (Compare Romans 1:27, pg. 1091)  In the same way the ______________________ also abandoned natural relations with _____________ and were inflamed with __________________ for one another.  Men committed ______________ acts with other _________________ and received in themselves the due penalty for their perversion.

 

19:12   Do not _________ falsely by my name.  (Compare Matthew 5:33-37, pg. 937)  You have heard that it was said to the people long ago, 'Do not break your oath, but keep the oath you have made to the Lord.'  But I tell you, Do not ________ at all....Simply let your Yes be _______, and your No be _______.

 

20:9     If anyone _______________ his father or mother, he must be put to __________________.  (Compare Matthew 15:4-6, pg. 949) God said, 'Honor your father and mother' and 'Anyone who curses his father or mother must be put to death.'  But you say that if a man says to his father or mother, 'Whatever help you might ________________ have received from ____________ is a gift [I have instead] devoted to __________," he is not to honor his father ______________.  Thus you _______________ the word of _______________ for the sake of your _______________________.

 

RELIGIOUS DAYS

 

23:3     There are __________ days when you may work, but the seventh day is a ___________ of rest, a day of sacred ______________________.  (Compare Hebrews 4:9-10 [pg. 1163] and Revelation 14:13 [pg. 1201]) There remains, then, a ___________________ rest for the people of God [in the Christian era]; for anyone who enters ______________ rest also rests from his own work, just as God did from his....Blessed are the dead who _____________ in the Lord from now on.  Yes, they will _______ from their labor, for their deeds will follow them.

 

23:16   [From the Passover] count off _____________ [pent] days up to the day after the seventh Sabbath, and then present an offering of new grain to the Lord from wherever you ____________.  (Compare Acts 2:1, pg. 1056) When the day of Pente-cost came, they were all together in one place.

 

23:34   On the fifteenth day of the ___________________ month the Lord's Feast of ______________________ begins, and it lasts for seven days.  (Compare John 7:2, 14, pg. 1035) But when the Jewish Feast of ___________ was near....halfway through the Feast did ______________________ go up to the Temple courts and begin to teach.

 

23:36   ....on the ________________ day hold a sacred _______________________ and present an offering made to the Lord by fire.  It is the __________ assembly.  (Compare John 7:37, pg. 1036) On the last and __________________ day of the Feast, Jesus stood and said in a _______________________________, "If anyone is thirsty, let him come to me a drink!"

 

 

DAY SIX:

 

24:16   Anyone who _________________________________ the name of the Lord must be put to ___________________________....when he blasphemes the ___________, he must be put to death.  (Compare Matthew 26:63-66, pg. 964) The high priest said to [Jesus]....are you the Christ, the Son of God....then the high priest tore his clothes and said, "He has spoken _________________!"  "....He is worthy of death," they answered. 

 

24:20   Fracture for fracture, _____________ for ______________, _______________ for _____________.  As he has _________ the other, so he is to be ____________________.  (Compare Matthew 5:38-39, pg. 937) You have heard that it was said, '__________ for ______________, and ________________ for _______________.'  But I tell you, Do not _______________________ an evil person.  If someone strikes you on the ____________________ cheek, turn to him the _______________________ also.

 

25:23   The land must not be sold __________________, because the land is mine and you are but ________________ and my tenants.  (Compare 1 Peter 2:11, pg. 1177) Dear friends, I urge you, as ________________ and __________________ in the world, to abstain from sinful desires which war against your soul.

 

26:12   I will walk ___________ you and be your _______________, and you will be my ________________.  (Compare 2 Corinthians 6:16, pg. 1122) What agreement is there between the temple of _________ and ______________?  For _________ are the __________________ of the _________________ God.  As God has said, "I will live with them and walk _____________ them, and I will be their God, and they will be my _________________."

 

26:41   ....then when their _________________________________ hearts are humbled and they pay for their sin....  (Compare Acts 7:51, pg. 1063) You stiff-necked people with uncircumcised hearts and ears!  You are just like your fathers.

 

OBEDIENCE AND DISOBEDIENCE

 

26:2     Observe my ______________________ and have reverence for my sanctuary.

 

26:3,6  If you follow my ___________ and are ________________ to obey my commands....I will grant peace in the land.

 

 

 

 

NUMBERS

(Named after the Census)

 

The early part of this book involves their original census after leaving Egypt.

The last part involves their last census 40 years later before entering the Promised Land.

 

Most of this book is repeated in Deuteronomy.

"Deut" in Hebrew means twice or second; "eronomy" means accounting or telling.

These events -- their early wanderings -- were covered in the lesson on Moses.

 

3:5-7    Which tribe did God give Aaron, the High Priest, and his sons the priests, as their assistants?  _______________________

 

            Centuries earlier, Abraham recognized a different priest, Melchizedek, priest-king of (Jeru)salem (Genesis 14:18-20, pg. 12).  Centuries later, God said he was doing away with the Levite priesthood and was now making Jesus the high priest after the order of Melchizedek (Hebrews 7:11-12, pg. 1165).  Hebrews 7:17 refers to Jesus as being a _____________ forever.  Hebrews 7:24-25 says Jesus has a ______________________ priesthood because he will never die.  Hebrews 8:1 & 2 says that Jesus is now serving as our high priest in _______________________ which is the true _________________________.

 

3:12f    God chose the Levites from all the twelve tribes to serve him in place of the ______________ male offspring.  Why did God claim the firstborn?  _____________________________________________________________________________________

 

18:15f  The firstborn of every animal and person was claimed by God, but they could be redeemed ("bought back") at the tabernacle for how many shekels of silver?  ____________________  One shekel was worth $80.  Therefore, how much did it cost for couples to redeem their firstborn son?  ________________________________

 

            Leviticus 12:3 (pg. 107) says every male shall be ____________________________ on the _________________ day of their life.  Compare this with Luke 2:21 (pg. 993) where ___________________________ was circumcised.  (NOTE:  This is where the Christian movement centuries ago decided babies needed to be baptized - a "Christian" continuation of this Jewish law.  To see whether they were right, search the New Testament for references to infant/baby baptism.)

 

            Leviticus 12:1-8 (pg. 107) says every woman upon childbirth is considered ceremonially unclean (cannot go to the tabernacle to worship, etc.).  If she has a son (v. 1) she is "unclean" for how many days?  ______________  Then she is to go to the tabernacle and offer a _____________________ as a burnt offering and a ______________________ for a sin offering.  But if she cannot afford the lamb, she may bring two ____________________ or ___________________.

 

            Compare this with Luke 2:22-24 (pg. 993).  Do you think the newly weds Mary and Joseph were at least middle class or poor?  __________________

 

 

I.          Religious and Ceremonial Laws

            A.        Against Idolatry and Paganism

            B.         Against False Spiritualists

            C.        Blasphemy

            D.        Dedications

            E.         Tithing

            F.         Sabbath

            G.        Special Feasts

            H.        Sacrifices and Offerings

            I.          Other Rituals

            J.          Rules for Priests

            K.        Special Years

            L.         Purification

            M.        Persons Excluded

            N.        Special Vows

           

II.         Government

            A.        King

            B.         Respect for Rulers

            C.        Judicial System

 

III.       Special Crimes

            A.        Against a Person

            B.         Against Property

 

IV.       Personal Rights

            A.        Restitution for Loss

            B.         Seduction

            C.        Injuries and Damages

            D.        Masters and Servants

            E.         Credit, Interest, Collateral

            F.         Contracts and Agreements

            G.        Weights and Measures

            H.        Inheritance

 

V.        Marriage, Divorce, Sexual Relations

            A.        Marriage

            B.         Divorce

            C.        Sexual Violations

 

VI.       Health and Dietary

            A.        Health Regulations

            B.         Dietary Regulations

 

VII.      General Welfare

            A.        Requirements for Benevolence (Welfare)

            B.         Respect and Support

            C.        Treatment of Animals

 

VIII.     Warfare

            A.        Preparation for Battles

            B.         Rules of Siege

            C.        Camp Regulations

            D.        Soldiers and Marriage

 

IX.       Responsibilities Toward these Laws

            A.        Obedience Required

            B.         Duty to Promote

            C.        Blessings of Obedience

            D.        Punishments for Disobedience


LAW OF

M O S E S

 

177 Categories

and Sub-categories


==========================

 

TITHING

All mentions in the Bible are listed below

 

Genesis 14:20 - Then Abram gave him [Melchizedek] a tenth of everything.

Leviticus 27:30-32 - They had to tithe every crop and every animal.

Numbers 18:24-28 - The tithes given by the people to God were to be used by the Levites to live on.  They in turn were to give a tithe to the priests among them.

*Deuteronomy 12:6 - There bring your burnt offerings and sacrifices, your (1) tithes and (2) special gifts, (3) what you have vowed to give and your (4) freewill offerings, and the (5) firstborn of your herds and flocks.

Deuteronomy 14:22-28 - They were to tithe all that field produce and herds.

Deuteronomy 26:12 - Every third year they were to give an extra tithe for the Levites, aliens, fatherless and widows.

2 Chronicles 31:5-12 - Over and above their tithes, they gave the firstfruits of their crops and herds, and other gifts of dedication.

Nehemiah 10:37f - Only Levites and priests were allowed to collect the tithes, and this by going around to all the towns.

Nehemiah 12:44 - Storerooms were set up in every town to store the special contributions, firstfruits, and tithes.

Nehemiah 13:5 - Same as above.

Amos 4:4 - People were bragging about their freewill offerings in addition to their tithing.

Malachi 3:8-10 - People were robbing God by not giving him their tithes.

 

THE ONLY TIME TITHING IS MENTIONED IN THE N.T. IS IN REFERENCE TO JEWS UNDER THE LAW OF MOSES:

 

Matthew 23:23, Luke 11:42 - The Jews tithed even spice seeds which was fine, but it didn't buy them out of being just & merciful.

Luke 18:11-14 - The Pharisee who bragged he tithed was not justified before God.

Hebrews 7:5-9 - Abraham gave a tithe to Melchezedik.

 

 

 

*JEWS WERE REQUIRED TO GIVE MUCH MORE THAN THEIR REGULAR TITHE

 

MONEY OFFERINGS

NOTE:  A shekel was worth about $5 in today's values

 

CENSUS:

Exodus 30:12-14 - Half a shekel (which is $2.50)                                                                                           Not often

 

 

1.         VOWS:

Leviticus 27:2-7 

            male 20-60       = 50 shekels     $250                                                                                                        $250

            female 20-60    = 30 shekels      150

            male 5-20         = 20 shekels     100

            female 5-20      = 10 shekels       50

            male b-5           =  5 shekels        25

            female b-5        =  3 shekels        15

            male 60+          = 15 shekels       75

            female 60+       = 10 shekels       50

 

NOTE:  David made vows every day (Psalm 61:8)

 

EXAMPLES:

Gen. 28:20 - To have a safe journey ("traveling mercies")

Lev. 27:2 - To dedicate self or someone else for special service to God

Numbers 6:2-18 - To dedicate self as a Nazarite

Numbers 21:2 - To be delivered from enemy army

Judg. 11:30, 39 - To have victory over enemy army

1 Sam. 1:11; Prov. 31:2 - To have a child

2 Sam. 15:7-8 - To return to homeland and be reconcilated to family

 

 

 

Psa. 22:11, 25; 66:13 - To be freed of troubles and desertion by friends

Psa. 50:14; 56:12; 65:1 - To thank God if prayer is answered

Ps. 76:11; Isa. 19:21 - To prove allegiance to God before others

Psa. 116:8, 14, 18-19 - To thank God for a verdict of not guilty

Ps. 132:1-5 - To find the perfect place to build the Temple

Job. 22:27; Jonah 2:7-9 - To recover from illness

Jonah 1:16 - To express fear of and acknowledge God's justice

Nahum 1:15 - To express peace

 

2.         FIRST BORN:

Numbers 3:45-47 - Take the Levites in place of all the firstborn of Israel, and the livestock of the

Levites in place of their livestock....five shekels for each one, according to the sanctuary shekel                                $25

 

 

 

ANIMAL & FOOD OFFERINGS

 

VALUE OF ANIMALS:

Leviticus 5:15 - "....a ram from the flock, one without defect & of the proper value in silver, according to the sanctuary shekel."

We shall give the value assessed above of $25.00 per animal or average below that amount if a sheep is not designated.

 

3.         BURNT OFFERINGS:

Leviticus 1:6, 8-13; 8:18-21; 16:24

Bull, ram or male bird                                                                                                                                             $25

Wholly consumed by fire

Voluntary:         Atonement for unintentional sin in general

                                    Expression of devotion

                                    Commitment and complete surrender to God

 

4.         GRAIN OFFERINGS:

Leviticus 2; 6:14-23

Grain, flour, oil, incense, bread, salt                                                                                                                          $ 5

Sometimes burned w/burnt offering

Sometimes eaten with fellowship offering

Voluntary:         Recognition of God's goodness and provisions

                                    Devotion to God

 

5.         FELLOWSHIP OFFERINGS:

Leviticus 3; 7:11-34

Any animal, or variety of breads                                                                                                                              $10

Voluntary:         Thanksgiving

 

6.         SIN OFFERINGS:

Leviticus 4:1-5:13, 6:24-30; 8:14-17; 16:3-22

Goat or lamb, bird if poor, flour if very poor                                                                                                            $20

Mandatory:       Atonement for specific unintentional sin

                                    Confession of sin

                                    Forgiveness of sin

                                    Cleansing from defilement

 

7.         GUILT OFFERINGS:

Leviticus 5:14-6:7; 7:1-6

Ram or lamb                                                                                                                                                 Not Often

Mandatory:       Atonement for unintentional sin requiring restitution of added 20%                                                         

                                    Cleaning from defilement

                       

 

 

 

 

                                           YEARLY POTENTIAL GIVING FOR AVERAGE JEW

 

1.         Yearly potential for dedicated Jew who makes one vow a month @ $250                                             $ 3,000

 

2.         Potential for Jew with 20 firstborns in herd each spring @ $25                                                                $   500

 

3.         Potential for a Jew who asks forgiveness for one unknown unintentional sin a week @ $25                    $ 1,300

 

4.         Potential for a Jew who reaffirms his dedication to God once a week @ $5                                            $   250

 

5.         Potential for a Jew who thanks God for his goodness once a week @ $10                                              $   520

 

6.         Potential for a Jew who asks forgiveness for one known unintentional sin a week @ $20                        $ 1,040

                                                                                                                                                                =========

TOTAL FOR MIDDLE-INCOME JEW                                                                                                         $ 6,610

 

PLUS TITHING OF AVERAGE INCOME OF $30,000*                                                                              $ 3,000

                                                                                                                                                                =========

YEARLY TOTAL GIVING FOR AN AVERAGE

JEW ($800/MONTH or 32%)                                                                                                                       $  9,610

 

                                                                                   * * * * *

 

VERY LITTLE IS SAID ABOUT GIVING EVEN IN GENERAL IN THE CHRISTIAN ERA (SEE BELOW)

 

Acts 4:32-35 - All the believers were one in heart and mind.  No one claimed that any of his possessions was his own, but they shared everything they had....There were no needy persons among them.  For from time to time those who owned lands or houses sold them, brought the money from the sales and put it at the apostles' feet, and it was distributed to anyone as he had need.

 

1 Corinthians 9:13-14 - Don't you know that those who work in the temple get their food from the temple, and those who serve at the altar share in what is offered on the altar?  In the same way, the Lord has commanded that those who preach the gospel should receive their living from the gospel.

 

1 Corinthians 16:1-2 - Now about the collection for God's people:  Do what I told the Galatians churches to do.  On the first day of every week, each one of you should set aside a sum of money IN KEEPING WITH HIS INCOME, saving it up, so that when I come no collections will have to be made.

 

2 Corinthians 8:2-5 - Out of the most severe trial their overflowing joy and their extreme poverty welled up in rich generosity.  For I testify that they gave as much as they were able, and even beyond their ability.  Entirely on their own, they urgently pleaded with us for the privilege of sharing in this service to the saints.  And they did not do as we expected, but they gave themselves first to the Lord and then to us in keeping with God's will.

 

2 Corinthians 8:10-13 - And here is my advice about what is best for you in this matter:  Last year you were the first not only to give but also to have the desire to do so.  Now finish the work, so that your eager willingness to do it may be matched by your completion of it, according to your means.  For if the willingness is there, the gift is acceptable according to what one has, not according to what he does not have.  Our desire is not that others might be relieved while you are hard pressed, but that there might be equality.

 

2 Corinthians 8:24 - Therefore show these men the proof of your love and the reason for our pride in you, so that the churches can see it.

 

2 Corinthians 9:6-7 - Remember this:  whoever sows sparingly will also reap sparingly, and whoever sows generously will also reap generously.  Each man should give what he has decided in his heart to give, not reluctantly or under compulsion, for God loves a cheerful giver.