WHAT THINGS ARE SIN?
There are 788 verses in the Bible on sin. Plus there are innumerable verses that say, "Do not do this," or "Do do that" which don't use the word sin, but that's what is being referring to. There are even passages where we are told what to do by example, such as Jesus' baptism.
DEFINITION: The word sin is best described by (1) the Hebrew word "pesha" which means "trespass" or go beyond where we're not supposed to be (bad committed); (2) the Hebrew word "chata" which means to "miss the mark" or fall short (good omitted). Sin, therefore, is whatever we do that God does not do, and that will eventually hurt us.
LISTS OF BAD COMMITTED
Romans 1:29-31 (pg. 1091) lists greed, depravity, envy, murder, strife, deceit, malice, gossip, slander, insolence, arrogance, boastfulness, disobedient, senselessness, faithlessness, heartlessness, ruthlessness.
1 Corinthians 6:9-10 (pg. 1108) lists sexual immorality, idolatry, adultery, prostitution, homosexuality, thievery, greed, drunkenness, slander, swindling.
Galatians 5:19-21 (pg. 1132) lists sexual immorality, impurity, debauchery, idolatry, witchcraft, hatred, discord, jealousy, fits of rage, selfish ambition, dissensions, factions, envy, drunkenness, orgies.
Ephesians 4:31; 5:4f (pg. 1136) lists bitterness, rage, anger, brawling, slander, malice, obscenity, foolish talk, coarse joking, immorality, impurity, greed.
Philippians 2:3, 14 lists (pg. 1139) selfish ambition, vain conceit, complaining, arguing.
Colossians 3:8-9 (pg. 1144) lists anger, rage, malice, slander, filthy language, lying.
1 Timothy 1:9-10; 5:13; 6:3-5 (pg. 1151) lists lawbreaking, rebellion, ungodliness, unholiness, irreligion, murder, adultery, perversion, slave trading, lying, perjury, idleness, gossip, false teaching, conceit, controversial, quarrelsomeness, envy, strife, malicious talk, evil suspicions, constant friction, robbing truth.
2 Timothy 3:2-8 (pg. 1156) lists loving self, loving money, boastfulness, pride, abusiveness, disobedience to parents, ungratefulness, unholiness, without love, unforgiving, slanderous, without self-control, brutal, not lovers of good, treacherousness, rashness, conceit, lovers of pleasure, denying power of godliness, controlling the weak-willed, never acknowledging truth, opposing the truth, depraved of mind.
Titus 3:3, 9-11 (pg. 1159) lists foolishness, disobedience, deceit, enslaved by passions, malice, envy, hatred, foolish controversies, arguments, quarrels, divisiveness.
James 3:14-16; 4:1-3; 5:3-6 (pg. 1174) lists bitter envy, selfish ambition, boasting, denying the truth, disorder, fights, quarrels, murder, covetousness, quarrelsomeness, fighting, wrong motives, hoarding wealth, failing to pay wages, living in self-indulgence, condemning the innocent.
1 Peter 2:1; 4:3 (pg. 1177) lists malice, deceit, hypocrisy, envy, slander, debauchery, lust, drunkenness, orgies, carousing, idolatry.
2 Peter 2:14-19 (pg. 1181) lists adulterous eyes, seducing, greedy, boastful, lustful, enticing, slaves of depravity.
Jude 7-8, 16 (pg. 1189) lists sexual immorality, perversion, rejecting authority, slandering celestial beings, grumbling, faultfinding, boastful, flatterers.
Revelation 21:8 (pg. 1206) lists cowardliness, disbelief, vileness, murder, sexual immorality, false healing, idolatry, lying.
OTHER SINS NOT TO DO
Matthew 5:21-22 (pg. 937) Do NOT ____________________________________, and anyone who murders will be subject to judgment. But I tell you that anyone who is ___________________________________ with his brother will be subject to judgment.
Matthew 5:27-28 (pg. 937) Do NOT commit __________________________________. But I tell you that anyone who looks at a woman _____________________________________ has already committed adultery with her in his heart.
Matthew 5:38-39 (pg. 937) Eye for eye, and tooth for tooth. But I tell you, do NOT ________________________________ an evil person.
Matthew 6:7 (pg. 938) When you pray, do NOT keep on _____________________________, like pagans, for they think they will be heard because of their many words.
Matthew 6:19 (pg. 938) Do NOT store up _________________ _______________________________________ treasures on earth, where moth and rust destroy, and where thieves break in and steal. But store up for yourselves treasures in heaven.
Matthew 19:6 (pg. 953) They are no longer two, but one. Therefore what God has joined together, let man NOT____________________________ [divorce].
1 Corinthians 7:5 (pg. 1109) Do NOT __________________________________ each other [married couples sexually] except by mutual consent and for a time, so that you may devote yourselves to prayer. Then come together again so that Satan will not tempt you because of your lack of self-control.
2 Corinthians 4:2 (pg. 1121) We have renounced secret and shameful ways; we do NOT use ___________________________________, nor do we _____________________________ the word of God. On the contrary, by setting forth the truth plainly we commend ourselves to every man's conscience in the sight of God.
2 Corinthians 9:7 (pg. 1124) Each man should give what he has decided in his heart to give, NOT ____________________________________ or under compulsion, for God loves a cheerful giver.
Galatians 5:26 (pg. 1132) Let us NOT become conceited, __________________________________ and ________________________________ each other.
Ephesians 4:25-30 (pg. 1135) Put off falsehood....In your anger do not sin: Do NOT let the sun go down while you are still ________________________________, and do NOT give the devil a foothold....He who has been stealing must steal no longer....do NOT let any unwholesome ___________________________________ come out of your mouths....do NOT grieve the Holy Spirit.
Ephesians 6:4 (pg. 1137) Fathers, do NOT _________________________________ your children; instead, bring them up in the training and instruction of the Lord.
Colossians 3:18-22 (pg. 1144) Fathers, do NOT ___________________________________ your children, or they will become discouraged.
1 Timothy 5:1 (pg. 1153) Do NOT ___________________________________ an older man ______________________________________, but exhort him as if he were your father.
2 Timothy 1:8 (pg. 1155) Do NOT be __________________________________ to testify about our Lord, or ashamed of me his prisoner.
1 Peter 3:9-11 (pg. 1178) Do NOT ___________________________________ evil with evil or insult with insult, but with blessing, because to this you were called so that you may inherit a blessing.... For whoever would love life and see good days must keep is tongue from evil and his lips from deceitful speech. He must turn from evil and do good; he must seek peace and pursue it.
1 John 4:20 (pg. 1185) If anyone says, "I love God," yet ___________________________ his brother, he is a __________________________. For anyone who does NOT love his brother, whom he has seen, cannot love God, whom he has not seen.
Matthew 3:10 (pg. 935) The ax is already at the root of the trees, and every tree that does NOT ________________________________ good fruit will be cut down and thrown into the fire.
Matthew 5:42 (pg. 937) Give to the one who asks you, and do NOT turn away from the one who wants to ____________________________ from you.
Matthew 6:1 (pg. 938) Be careful NOT to do your acts of righteousness before men, to be __________________________ by them. If you do, you will have no reward from your father in heaven.
Matthew 25:41-45 (pg. 962) Then he will say to those on his left, Depart from me, you who are cursed, into the eternal fire prepared for the devil and his angels. For I was hungry and you gave me nothing to ______________, I was thirsty and you gave me nothing to ________________________. I was a stranger and you did NOT ______________________ me in, I needed clothes and you did NOT clothe me, I was sick and in prison and you did NOT __________________________________________ me.
Romans 12:11-21 (pg. 1101) Never be lacking in zeal, but keep your spiritual fervor, serving the __________________________. Be __________________________ in hope, ____________________________ in affliction, __________________________ in prayer. Share with God's people who are in need. Practice ____________________________. Bless those who persecute you; ______________________ and do NOT curse. _______________________________ with those who rejoice; mourn with those who mourn. Live in __________________________ with one another. Do NOT be proud, but we willing to associate with people of low position. Do NOT be conceited. Do NOT repay anyone evil for evil. Be careful to do what is right in the eyes of everybody. If it is possible, as far as it depends on you, live at peace with everyone. Do NOT take revenge, my friends, but leave room for God's wrath, for it is written: "It is mine to avenge; I will repay," says the Lord. On the contrary, if your enemy is hungry, feed him; if he is thirsty, give him something to drink. In doing this, you will heap burning coals on his head. Do NOT be overcome by evil, but overcome evil with good.
Ephesians 5:17-18 (pg. 1136) Do NOT be foolish, but _____________________________________ what the Lord's will is. Do NOT get _________________________ on wine, which leads to debauchery. Instead be filled with the spirit.
1 Timothy 5:8 (pg. 1153) If anyone does NOT ___________________________ for his relatives, and especially for his immediate family, he has denied the faith and is worse than an unbeliever.
Hebrews 10:25-29 (pg. 1168) Let us NOT give up ______________________________ together, as some are in the habit of doing, but let us encourage one another - and all the more as you see the Day approaching. If we deliberately keep on sinning after we have received the knowledge of the truth, no sacrifice for sins is left, but only a fearful expectation of judgment and of raging fire that will consume the enemies of God.....who has trampled the Son of God under foot.
Hebrews 13:2-3 (pg. 1171) Do NOT forget to __________________________________________________________, for by so doing some people have entertained angels without knowing it. Remember those in prison as if you were their fellow prisoners, and those who are mistreated as if you yourselves were suffering.
Hebrews 13:16 (pg. 1171) Do NOT forget to do good and to ____________________________ with others, for with such sacrifices God is pleased.
James 1:22-26 (pg. 1172) Do NOT merely listen to the word, and so deceive yourselves. Do what it says. Anyone who listens to the word but does NOT _____________________________________________ is like a man who looks at his face in a mirror and, after looking at himself, goes away and immediately forgets what he looks like....If anyone considers himself religious and yet does NOT keep a tight rein on his tongue, he deceives himself and his religion is worthless.
James 2:14-19 (pg. 1173) What good is it, my brothers, if a man claims to have faith but has no _________________________? Can such faith save him? Suppose a brother or sister is without clothes and daily food. If one of you says to him, "Go, I wish you well; keep warm and well fed," but does nothing about his physical needs, what good is it. In the same way, faith by itself, if it is not accompanied by action, is dead. But someone will say, "You have faith; I have deeds." Show me your faith without deeds, and I will show you my faith by what I do. You believe that there is one God. Good! Even the demons believe that - and shudder.
WHAT GOD SAYS, HE MEANS
Genesis 12:10-20 (pg. 11) When Abraham moved to Egypt during a famine, he told his wife to lie and say he was her brother so they wouldn't kill him for her. Sure enough, Pharaoh took him into his harem. What did God do to Pharaoh because of this one lie (see verse 17)? __________________________________________________
Genesis 19:5 (pg. 16) Because of what sin was Sodom destroyed? ___________________________________________
Genesis 20:2-3 (pg. 18) When Abraham moved to the Negev, he again told his wife to lie and claim he was her brother. Once again the king took her into his harem. What did God threaten to do to Abimelech because of this? _________________________________
Leviticus 10:1-2 (pg. 105) Nadab and Abihu offered unauthorized fire with the incense contrary to God's command. How did God punish them? ______________________________________
Numbers 16:1-3,26,32 (pg. 146) Korah led 250 men as a group to oppose Moses. How did God punish Korah? ______________
Deuteronomy 34:4 (pg. 206) God told Moses and Aaron to speak to the rock to get water for the people. Instead they said, "Must we bring you water?" and then struck the rock (Numbers 28:8, 11-12). How did God punish Moses _______________________________________________________________________________________ How did God punish Aaron (Numbers 20:24, 28, pg. 151)? ________________________________________
1 Samuel 13:8-14 (pg. 272) Even though only priests of the Levite tribe were supposed to offer sacrifices (Numbers 18:1-3), King Saul of the Benjamin tribe (1 Samuel 9:1,2) got impatient waiting for Priest Samuel to show up, so sacrificed it himself. How did God punish him? _______________________________________________
2 Samuel 6:3, 6-7 (pg. 298) God said the Levites should carry the Ark of the Covenant on poles (Exodus 37:3-5 and Numbers 4:15), but this time they put it on a cart. When the oxen stumbled, Uzzah reached out and took hold of the ark. How did God punish him? _____________________________________________________________
Hebrews 8:5 (pg. 1165) says all these things that happened were included in the Old Testament to serve as ____________ for us.
Acts 5:1-11 (pg. 1059) Ananias and Sapphira, Christians married to each other, claimed they sold their land for a certain amount and were giving 100% of it to church, which was not true. How did God punish them? __________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________
Revelation 2:1-4 (pg. 1192) The church in Ephesus was full of good works and proper doctrine. But they weren't doing it out of love. Verse 5 said they had to repent or else Jesus will remove their what out of heaven? _________________________________
Revelation 2:12-16 (pg. 1192) The church at Pergamum was holding to the teachings of the Nico-lait-ans. The word "Nico" in Greek is conqueror. the word "lait" refers to the common person, the laity. They had developed a system of clergy and laity. They were told to do what therefore (v. 16)? ____________________________
Revelation 2:18-29 (pg. 1193) The church at Thyatira were full of good deeds, but Jesus had some things __________________ them. There was a prophetess in their midst who, among other things, was teaching (verse 24) ________________________________ so-called deep __________________________.
Revelation 3:1-6 (pg. 1193) The church at Sardis was about to die because their deeds (v. 2) were NOT __________________.
Revelation 3:14-22 (pg. 1194) The church at Laodicea had deeds that were (v. 15) neither __________________________ nor ______________________________. Being lukewarm, Jesus was about to ______________________ them out of his mouth.
Revelation 21:8 (pg. 1206) says who will go to hell? _______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________
Romans 2:14-15 (pg. 1091) Indeed, when Gentiles, who do not have the law [of Moses], do ___________________________ things required by the law, they are a law for themselves, even though they do not have the law.
Romans 14:22-23 (pg. 1102) So whatever you believe about these things keep between yourself and God. Blessed is the man who does not condemn himself by what he approves. But the man who has _________________________ is condemned if he eats, because his eating is not from faith; and everything that does not come from faith is sin.
1 Corinthians 8:7-12 (pg. 1110) Some people are still so _________________________________ to idols that when they eat such food they think of it as having been sacrificed to an idol, and since their conscience is __________________________, it is defiled....Be careful, however, that the exercise of your freedom does not become a stumbling block to the weak. For if anyone with a weak conscience sees you who have this knowledge eating in an idol's temple, won't he be emboldened to eat what has been sacrificed to idols? so this weak brother, for whom Christ died, is destroy ed by your knowledge. When you sin against your brothers in this way and wound their weak conscience, you sin against Christ.
1 Corinthians 10:25-29 (pg. 1112) Eat anything sold in the meat market without raising _________________________________ of conscience....If some unbeliever invites you to a meal and you want to go, eat whatever is put before you without raising questions of conscience. But if anyone says to you, "This has been offered in sacrifice," then do not eat it, both for the sake of the man who told you and for conscience sake - the other man's conscience, I mean, not yours.
DIFFERENCE IN SIN AND TEMPTATION
Genesis 4:7 (pg. 4) If you do what is right, will you not be accepted? But if you do not do what is right, sin is ______________________________ at your door; it desires to have you, but you must master it.
Hebrews 12:4 (pg. 1170) In your _____________________________ against sin, you have not yet __________________________ to the point of shedding your blood.
James 1:14-15 (pg. 1172) But each one is tempted when, by his own __________________________________________, he is dragged away and enticed. Then, after desire has conceived, it gives birth to sin; and sin, when it is full-grown, gives birth to death.
James 4:17 (pg. 1174) Anyone, then, who _________________________ the good he ought to do and __________________________ ___________________________ do it, sins.
FRUSTRATION AND RESCUE FROM SIN
Romans 3:23 (pg. 1092) For ______________________________ have sinned and fall short of the glory of God.
Romans 7:15-8:1 (pg. 1096) I do not understand what I do. For what I want to do I do not do, but what I hate I do....As it is, it is no longer I myself who do it, but it is sin living in me. I know that nothing good lives in me, that is, in my sinful nature. For I have the __________________________ to do what is good, but I ______________________________________________________. For what I do is not the good I want to do; no, the evil I _________________________________________ to do - this I keep on doing. Now if I do what I do not want to do, it is no longer I who do it, but it is sin living in me that does it. So I find this law at work: When I want to do good, evil is right there with me. For in my inner being I delight in God's law, but I see another law at work in the members of my _____________________________, waging ___________________ against the law of my ____________ and making me a prisoner of the law of sin at work within my members. What a wretched man I am! Who will ________________ me from this body of death? Thanks be to God - through Jesus Christ our Lord! So then, I myself in my mind am a slave to God's law, but in the sinful nature a slave to the law of sin. Therefore, there is now no ______________ for those who are in _______________________________________.
Romans 6:3 (pg. 1094) How do we get in Christ? __________________________________________
EXTRA IF YOU WANT TO DO IT
Look up in the dictionary the definitions of these strange-sounding sins listed in the first part of our lesson:
John 15:5-6 - (pg. 1046) "I am the vine; you are the branches. If a man remains in me and I in him, he will bear much fruit; apart from me you can do nothing. If anyone does not remain in me, he is like a branch that is thrown away and withers; such branches are picked up, thrown into the fire and burned.
Romams 7:4 - (pg. 1095) You also died to the law through the body of Christ, that you might belong to another, to him who was raised from the dead, in order that we might bear fruit to God.
1 Corinthians 11:24-25 - (pg. 1113) "This is my body, which is for you; do this in remembrance of me." In the same way, after supper he took the cup, saying, "This cup is the new covenant in my blood; do this, whenever you drink it, in remembrance of me."
Galatians 5:22 - (pg. 1132) But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, patience, kindness, goodness, faithfulness, gentleness and self-control. Against such things there is no law.
Ephesians 4:25-32 - (pg. 1135) ...speak truthfully to his neighbor, for we are all members of one body....work, doing something useful with his own hands, that he may have something to share with those in need....out of your mouths, but only what is helpful for building others up according to their needs, that it may benefit those who listen....be kind and compassionate to one another, forgiving each other, just as in Christ god forgave you.
Ephesians 5:9 - (pg. 1136) The fruit of the light consists in all goodness, righteousness and truth.
Ephesians 5:19-21 - (pg. 1136) Speak to one another with psalms, hymns and spiritual songs. sing and make music in your hearts to the Lord, always giving thanks to God the Father for everything, in the name of our Lord Jesus Christ. Submit to one another out of reverence for Christ.
Colossians 1:6 - (pg. 1142) All over the world this gospel is bearing fruit and growing, just as it has been doing among you since the day you heard it and understood God's grace in all its truth.
1 Thessalonians 5:12-18 - (pg. 1148) Now we ask you, brothers, to respect those who work hard among you, who are over you in the Lord and who admonish you. Hold them in the highest regard in love because of their work. Live in peace with each other. And we urge you brothers, warn those who are idle, encourage the timid, help the weak, be patient with everyone. Make sure that nobody pays back wrong for wrong, but always try to be kind to each other and to everyone else. Be joyful always; pray continually; give thanks in all circumstances, for this is God's will for you in Christ Jesus.
1 Timothy 5:9-10 - (pg. 1153) ...faithful to her husband, and is well known for her good deeds, such as bring up children, showing hospitality, washing the feet of the saints, helping those in trouble and devoting herself to all kinds of good deeds.
1 Timothy 5:16 - (pg. 1153) If any woman who is a believer has widows in her family, she should help them and not let the church be burdened with them, so that the church can help those widows who are really in need.
Titus 2:2-8 - (pg. 1148) Teach the older men to be temperate, worthy of respect, self-controlled, and sound in faith, in love and in endurance. Likewise, teach the older women to be reverent in the way they live, not to be slanderers or addicted to much wine, but to teach what is good. Then they can train the younger women to love their husbands and children, to be self-controlled and pure, to be busy at home, to be kind, and to be subject to their husbands, so that no one will malign the word of God. Similarly, encourage the young men to be self-controlled. In everything set them an example by doing what is good. In your teaching show integrity, seriousness and soundness of speech.
Titus 2:9-10 - (pg. 1159) Teach slaves [employees too] to be subject to their masters [bosses] in everything, to try to please them, not to talk back to them, and not to steal from them, but to show that they can be fully trusted.
Titus 3:1-2 - (pg. 1159) Remind the people to be subject to rulers and authorities, to be obedient, to be ready to do whatever is good, to slander no one, to be peaceable and considerate, and to show true humility toward all men.
Hebrews 13:15-16 - (pg. 1171) Through Jesus, therefore, let us continually offer to God a sacrifice of praise - the fruit of lips that confess his name. And do not forget to do good and to share with others, for with such sacrifices God is pleased.
Hebrews 13:17 - (pg. 1171) Obey your leaders and submit to their authority. They keep watch over you as men who must give an account. Obey them so that their work will be a joy, not a burden, for that would be of no advantage to you.
James 1:27 - (pg. 1172) Religion that God our Father accepts as pure and faultless is this: to look after orphans [fatherless] and widows [and divorcees] in their distress and to keep oneself from being polluted by the world.
James 3:17 - (pg. 1174) But wisdom that comes from heaven is first of all pure; then peace-loving, considerate, submissive, full of mercy and good fruit, impartial and sincere.
1 Peter 3:4-7 - (pg. 1178) ...your inner self, the unfading beauty of a gentle and quiet spirit....the way the holy women of the past who put their hope in God used to make themselves beautiful. they were submissive to their own husbands....Husbands, in the same way be considerate as you live with your wives, and treat them with respect as the weaker partner and as heirs with you of the gracious gift of life, so that nothing will hinder your prayers.
2 Peter 1:5-7 - (pg. 1180) Make every effort to add to your faith goodness; and to goodness, knowledge; and to knowledge, self-control; and to self-control, perseverance; and to perseverance, godliness; and to godliness, brotherly kindness; and to brotherly kindness, love.